The Temporal Lobe is the lower lobe of the cerebral cortex and is named because of its proximity to the temples. The hippocampus, primary auditory cortex, and Wernicke's area sit within the temporal lobe.
The Temporal Lobe is responsible for memories, emotions, and language comprehension, and helps with recognition of objects, places and people. It also connects words to their meanings.
Damage to the Temporal Lobe can result in:
- Issues learning and retaining new information
- Long-term memory problems
- Receptive Aphasia, or difficulty understanding spoken words
- Problems identifying or placing faces or objects
- Persistent talking
- Emotional issues, such as aggressive behavior